Mater is a city located in the north of Tunisia, 66 km northwest of Tunis.
The city of Mater from the state of Bizerte has witnessed several civilizations, the most important of which was the Roman civilization, when it was called the Hoard of Rome and ended with the Arab Islamic civilization after it passed through several religions such as the Judaism and Christianity.
Following the declaration of the Treaty of Protection, known as the Treaty of Bardo, between the Bey of Tunis and the French government on May 12th, 1881, Mater rejected the decision as an occupation of the Tunisian country and they pledged to resist the French forces.
French forces were able to take over the city and enter it only after nearly a year of confrontations, in April 1882.
Founded in Mater, the Constitutional Division of the Free Constitutional Party of Tunisia in 1922, the first division to be established outside the capital, due to the devotion of the resistance activist, sheikh Hamouda Ben Mihoub.
The establishment of the Constitutional Division of the Executive Committee in the city of Mater was the starting point for the establishment of the party’s divisions in the north and northwest of Tunisia.
The Municipality of the city of Mater was established in October 12th 1898 due to the importance of the city geographically, economically and even militarily as a strategic city during World War II.
Mater held in January 1952 protestations to which French forces responded with live ammunition, killing 11 people, the highest number of protestant martyrs in the whole of Tunisia at the time. And the resistance kept fighting against the colonials until the 1956 independence.
Mater is located in the heart of a first-rate agricultural area with fertile soil and extensive plains. The market of the city is held every Friday and Saturday, where the sale and purchase of animals and grain occurs, which is one of the most important markets of the region where farmers of the region and nearby areas and traders from all parts of the Tunisian Republic meet.
Nearby is the national park of Ichkeul
, which contains sites protected by many international institutions (UNESCO
), owing to the diversity of its fauna and its flora. It shelters the lake of the same name which is the biggest natural lake of North Africa.
The city is also an industrial pole with two industrial zones and several companies, including foreign companies operating in multiple industries such as electrical and electronic wiring, mechanical, communications and textile industries.
The city of Mater is also a scientific pole in Tunisia, since it includes the Higher School of Agriculture and the Higher Institute of Applied Technological Studies and also a Center for formation and Vocational Training.